The World Bank's Fifth International Debarment Colloquium
Please join the Fifth International Debarment Colloquium - Roundtable 3. We will be discussing the "Other" Grounds: Performance- and Capacity-Based Debarments. This event will be organized by World Bank and will take place on October, 6 from 10 AM – 11:15 AM.
More information and registration at: Registration Roundtable 3
Prof. Christopher Yukins' and Prof. Michał Kania article concerning suspension and debarment in the U.S. and comparative lessons for the EU’s next steps in procurement can be found here
Webinar – Current Challenges and Opportunities for Green Public Procurement – September 30
Join a free webinar with European and U.S. experts to discuss international developments in “green procurement”
Wednesday, 30 September 2020 — 9 am ET/15:00 CET
Global challenges related to the climate changes as described in the Paris Agreement influence various aspects of public policies across the world. This leads us to observe in the U.S. presidential candidate Joe Biden’ s New Green Deal and in Europe, where for example the New Industrial Strategy for Europe calls for the support and implementation of the green aspects in public procurement. Also, the New European Green Deal and the Just Transition Fund should have a significant impact on the public procurement market and regulations.
Although Green Public Procurement (GPP) is still a non-mandatory legal instrument, the European Commission has opted for this solution as an effective measure in the EU's efforts to become a more resource-efficient economy. GPP can help stimulate a critical mass of demand for more sustainable goods and services which otherwise would be difficult to get onto the market. The new European initiatives are important not only for European public authorities and contractors but also for U.S. enterprises interested in Transatlantic cooperation.
The Institute of Law at the University of Silesia, Association ''Pro Silesia’’ with the support of the George Washington University’s Government Procurement Program invites you for a 90-minute, free webinar concerning current challenges and opportunities for green public policies and their influence on public procurement markets in the USA and the European Union, with discussions with leading specialists from both sides of the Atlantic.
Registration at: GPP Webinar Registration
Agenda and Speakers:
- Prof. Jerzy Buzek, Member of the European Parliament, President of the European Parliament in the years 2009–2012, Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland in the years 1997–2001: New Green Deal and Just Transition Fund
- Prof. Alexandra Harrington, University of Albany School of Law, Assistant Director of the Global Institute for Health and Human Rights (USA), Adv. Magdalena Stryja, University of Silesia in Katowice, Just Transition Research Group (Poland): Intersections between Global Governance Regimes and Climate Change Law
- Prof. Christopher Yukins, George Washington University, Washington D.C. (USA): The U.S. experiences with the support of environmental aspects in government contracting
- Dr Wojciech Hartung, DZP, Public Procurement Law Association (Poland): European Green Deal and Just Transition Fund reflections on the European Public Procurement legal regime
- Adv. Katarzyna Kuzma, DZP, Public Procurement Law Association (Poland): The support of the green effects in the new Polish Public Procurement Act
- Question and Answer Session Moderator: Prof. Michał Kania, University of Silesia in Katowice (Poland)
Prof. Jerzy Buzek - Member of the European Parliament continuously since 2004, and in the years 2009-2012 - its president. In the European Parliament prof. Buzek is a member of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy. In 2016, Euractiv recognized him as one of the three most influential people of European energy policy. The winner of the rankings of the Rzeczpospolita daily for the best Polish MEP in 2008 and 2018. In the years 1997-2001 the Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland; his government carried out reforms of administration, education, health, pensions and mining. Professor Buzek also introduced Poland to NATO and started negotiations on its membership in the European Union. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle.
Prof. Alexandra Harrington – author of the book International Organizations and the Law and the forthcoming International Law and Global Governance: Treaty Regimes and Sustainable Development Goals Interpretation. Alexandra is the Director of Studies for the International Law Association Colombian branch, a member of the International Law Association Committee on the Role of International Law in Sustainable Natural Resource Management for Development, and an adjunct professor at Albany Law School. She also provides guest lectures globally on topics related to international law, environmental law, global governance and sustainable development.
Prof. Harrington has served as a consultant for entities such as the Commission for Environmental Cooperation of the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation and UN Environment. Prof. Harrington’s publications address a variety of fields relating to international law, including environmental law, legal issues relating to climate change, natural resources regulation, international organizations, international human rights law, international child’s rights, international trade law, corporate social responsibility, and criminal law. Prof. Harrington routinely presents her works at domestic and international conferences.
Adv. Magdalena Stryja performs the function of the Chair of the Science and Development Committee with the District Bar Association in Katowice. She is Poland’s first member of the international organization: Centre for International Sustainable and Development Law. Magdalena is a member of the interdisciplinary Polish Research Group Just Transition, which aims at developing and implementing the concept of fair transformation with a view to transforming the economy, lifestyle, culture and social values in Silesia in the face of climate change. She is a member of the University of Silesia-based Bioethics Research Group dealing with legal and bioethical aspects of medicine and animal protection as well as environmental and climate protection.
She is also a member of The Labour Law and Social Policy Research Group at the Institute of Legal Sciences at the University of Silesia. Magdalena delivers lectures on labour law and social policy. Her research interests also encompass legal aspects of climate change, including the social aspects of retraining employees.
Prof. Christopher Yukins - serves as co-director of the government procurement law program at George Washington University Law School, and has taught there on contract formations and performance issues in public procurement, bid protests and claims litigation, state and local procurement, Anti-corruption issues, foreign contracting, procurement reform, and comparative and international law. He has testified on issues of procurement reform and trade before committees of the U.S. Congress and the European Parliament. He is a visiting professor at the Université Paris Nanterre, where he lectures annually, and has taught a week-long course on procurement issues and corruption at the International Anti-Corruption Academy (Austria).
Prof. Yukins has spoken as a guest lecturer at institutions around the world, and he was a contributing editor to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime manual, Guidebook on Anti-Corruption in Public Procurement. He is an active member of the Public Contract Law Section of the American Bar Association, and is a member of the Procurement Roundtable, an organization of senior members of the U.S. procurement community. He is a faculty advisor to the Public Contract Law Journal, is a member of the editorial board of the European Procurement & Public-Private Partnership Law Review and is on the advisory board of The Government Contractor. He has worked on a wide array of international projects on capacity-building in procurement, and he was an advisor to the U.S. delegation to the working group on reform of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) Model Procurement Law. Together with his colleagues, he runs a colloquium series on procurement reform at The George Washington University Law School.
In private practice, Professor Yukins has been an associate, partner and counsel at leading law firms; he is currently counsel to the firm of Arnold & Porter.
Dr Wojciech Hartung - counsel at the Polish law firm Domański Zakrzewski Palinka, advises on infrastructure projects carried out under the Public Procurement Law or using partnership structures, i.e. PPP, concessions and other forms of co-operation between public and private partners, specialises in public-public cooperation (in-house procurement) issues. They have been addressed in his PhD dissertation on the "Independence of a basic local government unit upon the organisation and provision of municipal services in light of European law and Polish legal order’’. Wojciech is a Member of a working group set up by the Ministry of Development to review the law on public-private partnerships and to draw up a government policy in this respect. Until March 2009 dr Hartung acted as the Director of the European Union and International Co-operation Department at the Public Procurement Office. Wojciech was also Polish representative on the European Council’s Working Group on Public Procurement and on the Advisory Committee for Public Works Contracts set up by the European Commission.
Wojciech is a member of Public Procurement Law Association.
Adv. Katarzyna Kuzma - partner at the Polish law firm Domański Zakrzewski Palinka and heads the team providing services relating to Polish and European public procurement law. She has extensive experience in advising both public and private entities operating in various sectors (including construction and engineering services, environmental protection, pharmaceutical and energy) on projects carried out in the traditional form (public procurement) and those based on partnership structures in the broad meaning of the term (PPP, concessions). The advice Katarzyna renders covers all stages of procedures (including representation before the National Appeal Chamber and common courts) and performance of public contracts, including inspections and financial adjustment procedures.
She actively promotes implementation of compliance systems in the area of public procurement, with special focus on bid rigging. Katarzyna is also the Vice-President of the Public Procurement Law Association.
Prof. Michał Kania - professor at the Silesian University in Katowice, legal adviser with 15 years of experience, member of the Just Transition Research Group. Michał is also an active member of the Public Procurement Association and legal consultant with the specialization in Public-Private Partnership and public procurement law, Visiting Fulbright Scholar at the George Washington University (2018-2019), Fellowship of German Academic Exchange Service at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich (2017), speaker at the Polish and international conferences, initiator and lecturer at the Postgraduate Studies in Public-Private Partnership and Public Procurement at the Silesian University in Katowice, independent adviser for the Polish Ministry of Development for the concept of the new Polish Public Procurement Act, adopted on 11 September 2019, plenipotentiary of the President of the University of Silesia for PPP projects.
George Washington University Law School Webinar – A Tumultuous Year for Trade
Please join a free webinar on emerging barriers in procurement due to cybersecurity, the “Section 889” Huawei ban, Trump and Biden on “Buy American,” and growing European protectionism with Professor Christopher Yukins (GW Law School) and Professor Laurence Folliot Lalliot (Université Paris Nanterre) as moderators.
More info at www.publicprocurementinternational.com
White Paper dealing with the distortive effects caused by foreign subsidies in the Single Market
On June 17 the European Commission has adopted a White Paper dealing with the distortive effects caused by foreign subsidies in the Single Market. The Commission now seeks views and input from all stakeholders on the options set out in the White Paper. The public consultation, which will be open until 23 September 2020, will help the Commission to prepare for appropriate legislative proposals in this area.
Foreign subsidies in EU public procurement procedures has been presented in the Module 3 of the White Paper. Foreign subsidies may enable bidders to gain an unfair advantage, for example by submitting bids below market price or even below cost, allowing them to obtain public procurement contracts that they would otherwise not have obtained. Under this Module, the White Paper proposes a mechanism where bidders would have to notify the contracting authority of financial contributions received from non-EU countries. The competent contracting and supervisory authorities would then assess whether there is a foreign subsidy and whether it made the procurement procedure unfair. In this case, the bidder would be excluded from the procurement procedure.
A package of solutions introduced by the Act on Interest Rate Subsidies on Bank Loans Granted to Provide Financial Liquidity to Businesses Affected by Covid -19 (known as Anti-Crisis Shield 4.0.) of 19 June 2020 related to the Polish Public Procurement
The Act on Interest Rate Subsidies on Bank Loans Granted to Provide Financial Liquidity to Businesses Affected by Covid -19 (known as Anti-Crisis Shield 4.0.) of 19 June 2020, is quite significant for the public procurement market. The solutions contained in this normative act are to support businesses suffering economic consequences resulting from the pandemic. The range of solutions it introduces includes also those applicable in the public procurement sector.
The most important of these include the issue of amending the content of a public procurement contract when it is found that the proper performance of the contract is affected by circumstances surrounding the occurrence of Covid-19. Until the solutions provided for in Anti-Crisis Shield 4.0. entered into force, a claim on the part of a contractor to amend the content of the contract in situations referred to in Article 15r section 1 of the act did not exist. Pursuant to Article 15r section 4, after stating that circumstances related to the occurrence of Covid-19 may affect or influence the proper performance of the contract, the contracting authority was entitled to amend the content of the contract. Such a solution gave the contracting authority a discretionary right to amend the content of the contract, even if the circumstances related to the Covid-19 pandemic were clearly found to have affected the proper performance of the contract. Therefore, the regulation did not guarantee any protection to contractors.
Anti-Crisis Shield 1.0. introduced a provision of Article 15r section 4 that had to be treated only in terms of clarifying the content of Article 144 section 1 point 3 of the Public Procurement Law, which could rightly be assessed as insufficient from the point of view of the contractors. The solution introduced in Anti-Crisis Shield 4.0 brings a significant change in this respect. After stating that the circumstances related to Covid-19 affect the proper performance of a contract, the obligation to modify the contract as referred to in Article 15r section 4 of the act is imposed on the contracting parties de lege lata. At the same time, pursuant to Article 15r section 4a, if it is found that the circumstances related to Covid-19, as referred to in section 1, may affect the proper performance of the contract, also referred to in section 1, then the contracting authority, as before, may agree with the contractor to amend the content of the contract between them, but does not have to.
Significant changes have also been introduced in relation to advance payments, the payment of remuneration in parts and the return of security submitted by contractors. Ratio legis of solutions provided for in Article 15vb of Anti-Crisis Shield 4.0. is to support the financial liquidity of businesses operating on the public procurement market, and it should be considered quite advantageous. The introduced solutions will, in fact, contribute to increasing the attractiveness of the public procurement market for businesses. Article 15vb section 2 imposes an obligation on contracting authorities to pay remuneration in parts, after the performance of a part of a public procurement contract, or to make an advance payment for the performance of the contract, in the case of contracts entered into for a period longer than 12 months. At the same time, the contracting authority specifies in the contract the percentage of the remuneration paid for the execution of its individual parts, with the percentage value of the last part of the remuneration not exceeding 50% of the remuneration due to the contractor. Advance payments may not be less than 5% of the amount of remuneration due to the contractor (Article 15vb section 3). In the case referred to in Article 143a section 1 point 1 of the Public Procurement Law, namely for construction works contracts whose term of performance exceeds 12 months, the contracting authority may indicate in the terms of reference to the contract the percentage of the last part of the remuneration, which may not be more than 50% of the amount of remuneration due to the contractor.
The solutions introduced by Anti-Crisis Shield 4.0. also provide for reducing the value of the performance bond to 5% of the total price quoted in the tender, or the maximum nominal value of the contracting authority’s obligation under the contract (Article 15vb. section 5). The security may be set at a higher amount – up to 10% of the total price stated in the tender or the maximum nominal value of the contracting authority's obligation under the contract – if justified by the subject matter of the contract or the existing risk related to its performance, as described by the contracting authority in the terms of reference (Article 15vb section 6). In addition, pursuant to Article 15vb section 7, the contracting authority may return the performance bond in part, after the execution of a part of the contract, if it has provided for such a possibility in the terms of reference to the contract. An important solution was also added under Article 15r (1) section 1.
It sets out that, during the period of declared state of epidemiological threat or state of epidemic in connection with Covid-19, and for 90 days from the date of cancellation of the state that was last in force, the contracting authority may not enforce a contractual penalty reserved for the non-performance or improper performance of the contract referred to in Article 15r section 1 from the contractor's remuneration, or other receivables of the contractor, and may not seek satisfaction from the performance bond for this contract, if the occurrence in connection with which this penalty was reserved took place during the period of declared state of epidemiological threat or state of epidemic. At the same time, during the period of a state of epidemiological threat or state of epidemic declared in connection with Covid 19, and for 90 days from the date of cancellation of state that was last in force, the statute of limitations for the contracting authority's claim referred to above does not commence, and is suspended if it has already commenced. This period may expire no earlier than 120 days after the last state is cancelled (Article 15r (1) section 2). It should be noted that, if the term of the performance bond expires during the declared state of epidemiological threat or state of epidemic, the contracting authority cannot claim satisfaction from the bond if, at least 14 days before the bond expires, the contractor extends its validity or provides a new performance bond, and the contracting authority accepts the bond terms (Article 15r (1) section 3). If the term of the performance bond expires between 91 and 119 days after the declared state of epidemiological threat or state of epidemic in relation to Covid-19, the term of the bond is automatically extended by law to 120 days after the cancellation of this state (Article 15r (1) section 4).
Another solution provided for in Anti-Crisis Shield 4.0. concerns the legislator’s removal of the obligation imposed on contracting authorities to demand that contractors pay a bid bond in the case of contracts with a value exceeding the EU thresholds. Lege iuris, pursuant to Article 45 section 1 of the Public Procurement Law, the contracting authority should demand that contractors pay a bid bond if the value of the contract is equal to or exceeds the amounts specified in the regulations issued pursuant to Article 11 section 8. In light of the new Article 15va of Anti-Crisis Shield 4.0., contracting authorities may require contractors to pay a bid bond in such situations, but do not have to.
Shield 4.0. also introduces changes in terms of announcing contracts in relation to open tender procedures. Under the amended Article 40 section 1 of the Public Procurement Law, it will be sufficient to initiate proceedings under an open tender procedure by publishing a contract announcement on the website.
Another important change is that it is no longer necessary to apply the provisions of the new Public Procurement Law to Employee Capital Plans (ECP) management contracts and contracts for maintaining ECPs with a contract value below the EU thresholds. The relevant regulation was included in Article 7 section 2a of the Act on Employee Capital Plans of 4 October 2018, according to which "the provisions of the Public Procurement Law of 11 September 2019 (Journal of Laws, item 2019 and of 2020, item 288) do not apply to ECP (Employee Capital Plans) management contracts and contracts for maintaining ECP, if the value of the contract is lower than the EU thresholds referred to in Article 3 section 1 of that act.
Public Procurement and Public Private-Partnership
Public Procurement and Public Private-Partnership (PPP) are methods, which can support public sector in achieving common golas, such as: sustainability and innovation of public infrastructure. Public procurement and PPP shall respond to the current global challenges such as combat of pandemia, implementation of 4th Industrial Revolution benefits, 5G, building Smart Cities, responding to geostrategic challenges and improving of eco-innovation. The role of academics, both private and public sector is to support the public procurement and PPP in common public mission.
Michał Kania, professor at the University of Silesia in Poland, legal adviser with 15 years of practical experience in PPP, public procurement and concession contracts, member of the Just Transition Research Group at the University of Silesia. Active member of the Public Procurement Association in Poland, Visiting Fulbright Scholar at the George Washington University (2018-2019), Fellowship of German Academic Exchange Service at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich (2017), author of more than 100 publications regarding PPP, public procurement law, administration law and administration procedure, speaker at the Polish and international conferences, initiator and lecturer at the Postgraduate Studies in Public-Private Partnership and Public Procurement at the University of Silesia, founder and the first president of the PPP Academic Support Foundation, founder of the program ‘’PPP- Good Choice’’ (active in years 2009 – 2014), former president of the PPP Commission by the Conference of Rectors of Academic Schools in Poland, independent adviser for the Polish Ministry of Development for the concept of the new Polish Public Procurement Act, adopted on 11 September 2019, plenipotentiary of the President of the University of Silesia for PPP projects, MBA, with the final thesis: ,,Economic and financial analyses in public – private partnership projects’’.